《马太福音》对话中语气的人际意义研究_英语论文.doc

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Abstract:Recently, Systemic Functional Grammar is widely used in discourse analysis. Many scholars have studied interpersonal meaning of practical writings, like advertisement, in terms of mood system, but few explore religious literature, for example, the Bible. The current research investigates interpersonal function of the Old Testament through comparing the mood adopted in the dialogues between different characters, and points out that the choice of mood help to build up hierarchy relations between the characters. However, the research method of comparison can not account for the interactivity of dialogues. This dissertation selects four scenes related to Jesus in Matthew (New International Version), explains the dynamic process of the dialogues with mood statistic analysis and mood development analysis, studies the general characteristics of the mood in these dialogues and elucidates the interpersonal meaning realized through the mood in the four scenes.

   This research finds out that Jesus gradually set up his status in the verbal interaction of Matthew. In most dialogues, Jesus always intended to assign himself a speech role of giving in all the dialogues in order to illustrate his authority. In order to achieve his communicative purpose, Jesus defeated others’ communication intensions by winning the right of speech through a careful choice of mood and using changed subject and mood development. 

Key words: interpersonal meaning; mood; Matthew of the Bible; mood development

 

摘要:近年来,系统功能语法被广泛地运用在语篇分析中。许多学者从人际功能角度去分析广告等应用文本,但是对于《圣经》这类宗教性质的文学研究甚少。目前对《圣经》的研究主要是通过比较人物对话中所采用的语气来解读旧约中的人际功能,证实语气的选择有助于建立人物间的等级关系。然而,人际关系的构建是通过意义的协商来实现,因此对比这种研究方法并不能很好的解释这一动态行为。本文选取《马太福音》(新国际版本)中与耶稣相关的四个对话场景,采用语气数据分析和语气发展分析相结合的方法来解释对话的动态过程,发掘这四个场景的语气特征以及这些语气是如何实现人际意义。

   本文发现,耶稣在对话中逐步建立地位。在大多数对话中,耶稣通过分配给自己给予的角色来确立自己的权威形象;为了实现自己的交际目的,耶稣通过语气的选择夺取说话权,采用改变主语、语气发展等方式挫败别人的交际目的。

关键词:人际意义;语气;《马太福音》;语气发展

 

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