从关联理论角度看电影台词翻译_英语论文.doc

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Abstract:With the development of globalization, movies have become an important carrier in cross-cultural communication. However, different countries have different cultural background, people cannot understand in the same way. Therefore, movie subtitle plays an important role in a movie. This dissertation discusses movie subtitle translation under the guidance of Sperber & Wilson’s relevance theory and Gutt’s relevance translation theory. It analyzes the translation process from three aspects, namely, the original script, the translator and the target language audience. The translator uses a dynamic express-reasoning process analysis to express information and intended meaning of the movie Diary of a Wimpy Kid, and strives to make the audience get fully understanding through minimum effort. 

   Movie subtitle translation can be analyzed from multiple perspectives, but most researchers discuss the translation problems from the requirements of the target language audience instead of discussing the relevance between original script and translators, and translators and target language audience. Relevance theory expands the scope of the pragmatic interpretation, and provides a unified theory framework for communication. The hero of Diary of a Wimpy Kid is a typical American junior high school student; he is naughty and full of crafty idea in his mind. The story happened to this wimpy kid shows the real life and the emotional world of a teenager to the audience. 

   This paper launches a case study of subtitle translation of Diary of a Wimpy Kid under the guidance of relevance theory. The translated Chinese subtitles have been transcribed from network subtitle translator group. This dissertation aims to provide several translation strategies as examples analysis with the dynamic adjustment, explicitation and domestication in the reflection of translation, to make the best and effective delivering of movie subtitle to the target language audience.

Key words: subtitle translation; relevance theory; dynamic adjustment; explicitation and domestication; Diary of a Wimpy Kid

 

摘要:随着全球化的加剧,电影成为跨文化交际中的重要载体,由于不同国家的背景文化差异,观众对影片的理解存在不同程度的文化障碍。电影台词是电影的重要组成部分,具有刻画人物性格、反映人物心理、表现人物情感等作用。本文尝试以 Sperber 和 Wilson 的关联理论以及 Gutt 的关联翻译理论为指导,从原作剧本、译者、观众这三个交际者之间的关联性去分析电影《小屁孩日记》中的台词翻译处理,从明示——推理这一动态过程分析译者对于英文剧本中的明示信息和暗含意义的思考和推理,力求让观众通过最小努力对整个剧情有充分的理解。

   电影台词的翻译可从多种角度去研究分析,但多数都是从目的语观众的要求去看翻译问题,没有从根本上探讨剧本与译者,译者与目的语观众的关联性。语用学的关联理论拓展了旧语用学的研究范围,为交际的语用阐释提供了一个统一的理论框架。电影《小屁孩日记》的主人公是一个典型的美国初中生,他调皮又捣蛋,满脑子鬼主意,影片通过描述这个“小屁孩”身上的充满传奇色彩的故事,向世人展现了当代儿童的真实生活和情感世界。

   本文旨在通过关联理论在宏观条件指导下分析电影《小屁孩日记》中的翻译处理。电影《小屁孩日记》中文字幕转录自网络字幕翻译组,按分类选取了数个译例分析了动态顺应、明示和归化在翻译中的体现,使电影字幕汉译能够给观众带来最佳的剧情呈现。

关键词:字幕翻译;关联理论;动态顺应;明示和归化;小屁孩日记

 

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