语用预设和大学英语听力_英语论文.doc

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Abstract: The English listening learning rigidly adheres to the analysis of the superficial languages structures, lacks informational analysis results in errors in comprehension and judgment. Pragmatic presupposition is closely related to college English learning, listening, speaking, reading, writing and so on. But this paper focuses on the relationships between pragmatic presupposition and college English listening. This paper tries to establish a systematic framework for applying the theory of pragmatic presupposition to the college English learning in order to solve the practical learning problems. In college English learning, if students know the knowledge about pragmatic presupposition in listening learning, the students will be more sensitive to certain words and structures. Gradually students will use the theory on presuppositional information to make forecasts on base of written listening material, and get rid of the distraction of the minor and redundant information. Therefore, the ability of students to obtain major information and linguistic inference will be strengthened and their listening competence will improve greatly. The learning of pragmatic presupposition can make college English learning more efficient and more scientific.

Key words: pragmatic presupposition, college English learning 

 

摘要: 在大学英语学习中,学生对没有生词和语法难点的英语句子和文章有时存在理解偏差。听力学习拘泥于表层性语言结构的分析,缺乏信息分析与推理策略,造成理解和判断失误。语用预设与大学英语学习有着深刻广泛的联系,听说读写各个方面。但本文着重介绍,研究其与大学英语听力的关系,试图建立应用语用预设理论与大学英语听力学习的系统框架,以解决学习中存在的实际问题。

在大学英语学习中,学生将语用预设知识贯穿于听力学习的过程中,研究一些经常出现的预设类型,可以提高学生自己对一些特定的词语和结构的预设敏感度,学生自己可以运用预设信息理论对听力文字材料进行预测,有的放矢,排除次要,增强获取主要信息的能力和语言推理能力,从而提高自己的听力理解水平。

综上所述,为了更好地贯彻和实试教育部颁布的《大学英语课程教学要求》,在大学英语教学中重视语用预设理论的传授,使语用预设贯穿于大学英语学习的始终,是实现大学英语教学改革的重要手段。可使大学英语的学习更科学,更有效。

关键词:语用预设,大学英语听力

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