论英译汉的若干基本原则_英语论文.doc

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Abstract

 

For thousands of years, numbers of experts and scholars at home or abroad have continuously done the research of translation and made some big achievements. Because of differences in geography, cultural awareness, translation ideas and aesthetic viewpoint, different translators have summed up their own translation principles, but some basic principles of translation must be followed by any translator. Nowadays, with the rapidly development of economy and global integration, there is a strong sense of communication between countries. Translation has been paid more and more attention to. The development of translation activities has promoted cultural communication, and translation has become indispensable. The initial and most important purpose of translation is for the benefit of cultural exchange, so that people in two or more different language environments can communicate with each other without barriers, and the policies and methods of translation can be broadly divided into literal translation, free translation, domestication and foreignization. Based on the basic theories of linguistics and translation, the author has collected necessary information, analyzed and summed up some basic principles of English-Chinese translation. In this paper the author has briefly introduced the definition, process, importance and some translation standards, and has then discussed the minimum translation unit , the translation of attributive, understanding the original context of the specific reference, the standardization of the target language and many other aspects. 

 

Key Words:language; translation; basic principles;criterion;  method

 

Contents

摘要

Abstract

1. Introduction and the Importance of Translation.-1

2. The Definition ,Process and Criteria of translation-2

2.1 Definition of translation-2

2.2 Process of translation-2

2.2.1 Comprehension-3

2.2.2 Representation-3

2.2.3 Proofreading-4

2.3 Criteria of Translation-4

3.Some basic rules applied in Enhlish-Chinese translation-6

3.1 The establishment of the smallest translation unit-6

3.1.1 The sentence is seen as the smallest unit in the Translation -6

3.1.2 Taking sentences as the smallest unit but not ignoring the meaning of words-8

3.1.3 Taking sentence as the smallest unit of translation but not ignoring the linking of the context-8

3.2 The Translation of the Attributive-9

3.2.1 The attributive must be translated into attributive-9

3.3 Clearing the specific meaning of the original context-10

3.3.1 Language Context-11

3.3.2 Context of situation-12

3.3.3 Cultural context-13

3.4 The Standardization of the Translation-14

3.4.1 Using Mandarin in Translation-14

3.4.2 Listen to the language habit of the target language: use two logic to think-15

4. Conclusion-16

References-17

Acknowledgments..18

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