中美国家安全战略对比分析--以伊朗核问题为例_英语论文.doc

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Abstract

 

Nowadays the international nuclear security situation is more complicated than ever before. First, the international nuclear smuggling is rampant. Second, international terrorist forces such as terrorist organizations are trying hard to obtain nuclear materials and technology. Third, the radioactive sources have very serious potential security risks. They may become the materials for building nuclear bombs. While strengthening nuclear security is a national responsibility, international cooperation and global governance are indispensable as well. Today, with the deepening of globalization, the influence of accidents related to nuclear facilities, whether because of natural disasters or because of man-made mistakes,will go beyond a country or beyond a region. If terrorists succeed in stealing nuclear material, create raw nuclear devices or radiation dispersing devices, and detonate these devices,its economic and political impact must affect international trade and frequent contacts between countries. If terrorists attempt to create nuclear terror across the border, they must use those countries or regions where import management is relatively weak. If there is no effective export control between countries, intelligence sharing and detection coordination, nuclear security will be difficult to maintain. Countries need to have a corresponding security strategy to deal with the nuclear issue. Given the urgent need to study this topic, the present author takes a discursive perspective and examines the ways that the media of both the Chinese and US governments describe, explain, interpret and evaluate the issues and practices surrounding the Iranian nuclear crisis. Through comparative analysis, a number of differences are found in their respective meditational, rhetorical and linguistic expressions. The thesis concludes with a set of possible interpretations of those discursive strategies.

 

Keywords: national security strategy; nuclear security; Iranian nuclear issues; critical discourse analysis.

 

Contents

Abstract

摘  要

1. Introduction-1

1.1 Background Information-1

1.2 Security and National Security-2

1.2.1 Security-2

1.2.2 National Security-2

1.2.3 National Security Strategy-2

2. The Historical Evolution of China’s National Security Strategy-2

2.1 A National Security Strategy That Focuses on Consolidating The Regime-3

2.2. A National Security Strategy of Consolidating the Good Results of Reform and Opening Up-3

2.3 A National Security Strategy That Focuses on the Stable Development of Society-3

3. A Comparative Analysis of National Security Strategy between China and America in Nuclear Security-4

3.1 Nuclear security-4

3.2 Nuclear Energy and Nuclear Weapons-Take the Iranian Nuclear Issue as An Example-6

3.3 The Strategic Considerations of China and the United States for the Iranian Nuclear Issue-7

3.3.1 The Considerations of the Interests in Iran of China and the United States-7

3.3.2 The Position of China and the United States-9

  3.4  An Analysis of the Differences between Chinese and American Media Ideas from the   Perspective of Critical Discourse Analysis-11

  3.4.1 What Do They Emphasize-11

  3.4.2 The Sayers-12

4. Conclusion-13

References-14

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