《绿野仙踪》和《爱丽丝漫游仙境》儿童小说之间的比较_英语论文.doc

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Abstract:The Wonderful Wizard of Oz and Alice’s Adventures in Wonderland are two classic children’s books. They bear quite a lot of similarities. Both The Wonderful Wizard of Oz and Alice’s Adventures in Wonderland are fantasy adventurous fictions. The main characters came to the wonderland accidentally. The wonderlands in the stories are unreal and fictitious. The whole stories are describing their adventures in that wonderland.

   Besides, these two novels also have great differences. The narrative structures of The Wonderful Wizard of Oz and of Alice’s Adventures in Wonderland are different. The main characters of two stories, Dorothy and Alice, together with other key characters are quite different. In addition, the main settings of two fictions are both fictitious wonderlands but with different features. The main setting of The Wonderful Wizard of Oz is the Land of Oz, which is an uncivilized and colorful country. The main setting of Alice’s Adventures in Wonderland is Alice’s dreamland, which is ridiculous and satire to the real world.

   The comparison and analysis of the two fictions give us some revelation of children’s literature.

Key words: children’s literature, adventurous fiction, The Wonderful Wizard of Oz, Alice’s Adventures in Wonderland

 

摘要:《绿野仙踪》和《爱丽丝漫游仙境》是两部非常著名的儿童小说。两部小说有许多共同之处:都是幻想型冒险小说;小说的主人公都是在偶然之中进入到异境中的;故事中的异境都是由作者虚构的、不真实的世界,而整部小说描述的就是主人公在这些异境中的探险故事。

   然而,两部小说也有许多不同之处。《绿野仙踪》和《艾丽丝漫游仙境》的叙事结构不同。两部小说的主人公——多萝西和爱丽丝——以及其他重要角色,也各有特色。此外,两部小说的主要环境均是虚构的异境,但又各自不同。《绿野仙踪》的环境是未开化而又多姿多彩的奥兹国,而《爱丽丝漫游仙境》的环境则是爱丽丝的梦境。她的梦境极其荒谬,是对真实世界的讽刺。

   对这两部小说的比较和分析会给我们研究儿童文学提供许多启示。

关键词: 儿童文学;历险小说;《绿野仙踪》;《艾丽丝漫游仙境》

 

   These two fictions are both very distinctive in narrative structure, creative images and rhetorical devices of their language. At last, let’s see why they are so successful and popular in their country and period.

   The fiction The Wonderful Wizard of Oz wanted to teach us what we need during our growing up. They are thoughts, heart and courage. They are what people in American needed at the turn of the 19th century. This fiction is so successful because it was written for the children. The language is not difficult in the fiction. And children can see another wonderland which is colorful and happy. Children then couldn’t get too much love from their family or the happiness that they could enjoy in the real world. They read the book, and followed the adventures of Dorothy, enjoyed the happiness of success in her journey, and learned to be thoughtful, kind-hearted and courage in the fiction themselves.

 

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