论离婚时夫妻财产的分割.doc

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摘要:我国婚姻法对夫妻财产采取的是法定财产制与约定财产制相结合的制度,在没有约定或约定不明确时,才适用法定财产制。在婚姻法司法解释三公布后,关于夫妻财产在离婚时应当如何分配的问题,在社会中出现了各种各样的争议。其中争议大多集中在关于房产与个人财产上,有人认为现行法律对夫妻离婚财产的分割过于简单和粗暴,很有可能侵犯一方合法权利从而产生新的不公平。也有的学者认为婚前购买的不动产,只要登记一方对另一方做出了合理的补偿,其获得不动产所有权是符合民法中的公平原则的。本文旨从界定夫妻财产的角度入手,在借鉴外国立法中可行的界定方式来讨论我国夫妻财产的分割问题。

关键词:夫妻共同财产;无形财产;产权;财产分割

 

Abstract:China's marital property system takes the form of the legal property system and agreed with the property system. If the agreement is absent or not clear, the legal property is accepted. Recently, there is a hot debate on how to allocate the marital property when the couple is divorced since the third judicial interpretation of the law of marriage has been published. Most of the arguments focus on the house property and personal property. Some people consider that the existing law is too easy and rude to the division of property in divorce. It may infringe one party’s lawful right and make that unfair. However, some scholars think, to the real estates, if the registrant gives a reasonable compensation to the other side, the right to own the real estate accord with the principle of fairness in the civil law. The research is designed to discuss and analyze the division of marital property in China from the prospective of the definition of marital property and draw the lessons of the relevant legislations abroad.

Key words:Jointly owned property; intangible property; property rights; division of property

 

离婚时影响财产分配的外在因素是十分复杂的。从中国传统的婚姻观念来看,夫妻双方在结婚时都是不愿意进行婚前财产登记的,因为传统观念中两个人结婚就是为了白头偕老,不认为有朝一日会离婚,更不愿意将财产分个你我,所以即使是现在的中国人结婚也是甚少有去做婚前财产鉴定的。因此当婚姻走到最后时,财产的分割便变得困难起来。由于分割夫妻财产对保护个人财产就尤为重要,因此明确财产的分割对于个人财产的保护也有着重要的现实意义。本文旨从界定夫妻财产的角度入手,在借鉴外国立法中可行的界定方式来讨论我国夫妻财产的分割问题。

 

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