论我国刑事赔偿制度(错误逮捕赔偿为视角).doc

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摘要:随着刑事疑案的增多以及人民法院对证据不足案件宣告无罪力度的加大,使得检察机关承担着更重的赔偿责任。1996年刑事诉讼法增加了证据不足不起诉、证据不足宣告无罪的规定,而这些案件有些是符合逮捕条件的,对这些案件应否予以赔偿,由于《国家赔偿法》规定不确定,致使难度增大。反思我国现行的错捕刑事赔偿制度,是为了该制度的进一步完善,有利于保障人权和维护社会的稳定。本文重点从逮捕条件的正确理解、错误逮捕的界定、错捕刑事赔偿的归责原则以及错捕刑事赔偿范围等方面予以论述,并联系中国的具体国情和刑事司法实践,借鉴西方刑事赔偿制度的成功经验,对当下中国错捕刑事赔偿制度的主要问题以及对正在进行的刑事司法制度改革进行探讨,提出完善我国错捕刑事赔偿制度的几点具体改革构想。

关键词:错误逮捕;刑事赔偿;归责原则;制度完善

 

Abstract:With the imcrease in criminal mystery as well as the People’s Court in the case acquitted for insufficient evidence of increasing efforts to make the prosecution bears a heavier liability.Code of criminal Procedure,1966 an increase of insufficient evidence not to prosecuite,there is insufficient evidence acquitted the provisions,and these cases are consistent with the arrest of some of the comditions of these cases should be compensation,“National Compensation Act”are unclear,resulting in the judicial application of the non-uniform.The arrest of the wrong definition of mistake of catching the criminal liability of compensation principles and catch mistake scope of criminal compensation be discussed,and contact with China’s specific national conditions and criminal justice practice,learn from Westem criminal compensation system’s successful experience of the current Chinese system of compensation for criminal mistake catch the main problem,as well as on the ongoing reform of the criminal justice system to explore a complete set of China’s mistake of catching the criminal compensation system a few specific ideas about the reform.

Key words:wrongly arrested;criminal compensation;critenion of liability;system perfection

 

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