“非市场经济地位”问题探究.doc

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摘要:非市场经济,又称为国家控制经济,是反倾销法中一个非常重要的概念。我国已经连续15年成为全球遭遇反倾销立案最多的国家,而且很多在最终会被征收高额的惩罚性关税,其中有一个很重要的因素,就是在计算中国涉案产品的正常价值时,中国被视为非市场经济国家,调查机构不使用中国企业本身的销售价格或成本,从而导致了大量不合理因素和不公正裁决。本文即针对非市场经济这个问题,分析WTO框架下的相关规则,运用分析对比的方法来分析欧盟、美国、印度等国家的相应制度,探讨在此规则下我国企业应诉时的出路等问题。

关键词:反侵销;非市场经济地位;应诉策略

 

Abstract:Non-market economies, as known as state-controlled economies, are one of the most important concepts in anti-dumping law. China has most anti-dumping investigations in the last 15 years in the world. And most of them were charged a huge punishing customs in the end. One of the factors of this phenomenon is that China is seen as the non-market economy country and in most investigations they are not using the prices or cost of Chinese enterprise when evaluating the normal value of the related products. This results in a large number of unreasonable factors and unfair ruling. Contraposing the non-market economy, the paper analyses related rules under the frame of WTO and discuss the solutions for the enterprises in china when they are facing litigations by comparing rules in European Union, the United States of America, India and so on.

Key words: anti-dumping; non-market economy statues;solutions for litigations

 

   “非市场经济”是反倾销中的一个重要概念,也是我国出口产品屡遭反倾销且被征收高额关税的一个关键因素:计算出口商品正常价值时不能以我国的正常价值计算,而是挑选一个市场经济国家相似产品来计算。而且在替代国的选择上,进口国有相当大的主动权,使倾销的认定变得十分容易,而且最终的反倾销税率的确定也是以裁定的倾销幅度计算的,所以通常都会被征收高额的反倾销税。更为严峻的是,在反倾销的采用上,具有很强的示范效应,当一个国家提起反倾销后,其他国家便会相互效仿,从而给我国带来巨大的损失。

 

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