论宪法司法化的实现.doc

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摘要:宪法司法化起源于美国的“马伯里诉麦迪逊案”,在我国是否应该实现宪法司法化一直备受争议。本文从我国宪法实施的现状出发,进一步指出宪法司法化在我国实现的必要性。并且,无论从立法、执法、社会实践的角度,在我国确立宪法司法化都有一定的可行性。但由于宪法的具体应用在我国现行法律法规中没有明确的规定,所以在司法实践中各地法院还没有依照宪法裁判的标准。笔者通过借鉴宪法司法化在国外发展的过程和所选择的模式,对我国实现宪法司法化提出了具体的若干建议。

关键词:宪法司法化;法律性;宪法权利;司法裁判

 

Abstract:The judicialization of the constitution originated in the United States,“Marbury v. Madison”.And whether our country should realize the judicialization of the constitution has been a controversial issue. This article from the implementation of the present situation of our country, and further points out that the constitution in our country to realize the necessity. And, no matter from legislation,Law enforcement, the point of view of social practice, in our country to establish constitutional judicialization all have certain feasibility. But since the specific application in the current laws and regulations of our country is not clearly defined,so in the judicial practice in accordance with the constitution court has not yet all over the referee's standards. The author of the constitution in foreign countries for reference in the process of development, and the choice of mode, for our country to realize constitutional judicialization put forward concrete Suggestions on it.

Key words: The judicialization of the Constitution;legal;Constitutional right;judicial judgment

 

   宪法作为国家的根本大法,其最高性和根本性就得依靠其实施来体现,即当受害主体的权利受到侵害以后,在通过具体的法律不能获得救济时,可以通过宪法的追诉获得救济,这也是实现宪法司法化的根本价值所在。同时宪法司法化的实现也是宪法法律性、宪法至上及保障人权的价值目标的根本要求,对宪政和法治建设具有重要意义。因此,实现宪法司法化,维护宪法的权威,更大限度地保护公民宪法基本权利已成为我国当前法治建设的一项紧迫任务。

 

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