中外战略环境评价制度的比较研究.doc

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摘要

   我国的战略环境影响评价制度(SEA)自创立以后,一直在不断完善和改进。战略环境影响评价制度克服了传统的建设项目环境影响评价制度的不足之处,为我国经济、社会的可持续发展从战略上提供了可靠的制度保障。然而我们不能否认,我国当前的战略环境影响评价制度,在制度及操作中都存在不足之处。本文拟对当前中国的战略环境影响评价制度做出综合评述,并在研究、借鉴国外相关制度先进经验的基础上,指出当前中国战略环境影响评价制度待完善的几方面内容,并尝试提出浅薄的建议,以期为中国的战略环境影响评价贡献自己的一份绵薄之力。本文正文分为六章,第一章概述了战略环境影响评价制度的概念、特点和意义,第二章综述了中国战略环境影响评价制度的发展历程,第三章介绍了现阶段中国战略环境评价制度的特点,第四章分别对不同国家的战略环境影响评价制度进行了考察,第五章逐条指出了当前中国战略环境影响评价制度的不足之处,第六章针对以上不足之处提出了相应的意见和建议。

关键词:战略环境影响评价  比较  对策

 

Abstract

   Since the foundation of the SEA in China, some laws and regulations like <Law of the People’s Republic of China on Environmental Impact Assessment>and<Regulations of Environmental Assessment on Planning>had been released and carried out, the SEA of our country has been improving. The SEA overcame the shortcomings of traditional environmental assessment on construction projects, which provides systematic warranty for the sustainable development of the economy and society of our country from the strategic perspective. There’s no denying that the present SEA in China has some flaws, both in the systematic perspective and in the practice perspective. This article intends to make an overall assessment on the SEA of China nowadays, and point out the perspectives that need improving, finally tries to make some suggestions in order to make my own contributions on the SEA in China. The body of this article is divided into six chapters. Chapter One generally introduces the concepts, characteristics and goals of the SEA; Chapter Two makes a summary of the present situation of the SEA in China; Chapter Three studies the focus of SEA in China nowadays; Chapter Four studies the SEA of different countries; Chapter Five lists the shortcomings of the SEA in China; Chapter Six, according to the previous discussion, makes relative suggestions.

Key Words:SEA  compare  suggestions

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