家庭智能报警及照明系统_测控专业.doc

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摘要:随着人们生活水平的提高和信息水平的的不断发展,人们对自身安全、住宅安全和智能家居的需求逐渐增加,由传统的物理防盗和手动灯向智能家居方向转变。通过当前常用的自动报警及照明系统优缺点的比较,设计采用更加稳定、更加成熟的GSM网络来实现远程家庭自动报警系统,具有广泛的市场前景。当前针对家庭智能报警及照明系统的研究已经比较深入,但是普通的设计都是针对传感器、GSM短信模块、软件设计或照明电路,没有将四者合为一体。本设计将四者合为一体,注重四者之间的联系,设计出一个完整的基于GSM的家庭智能报警及照明系统。

   该系统是基于TC35GSM短信模块,以高性能的AT89S52 单片机为核心的智能报警及照明系统,传感器是采用人体红外传感器模块,从根本上保证了整个系统的稳定性。短信模块在单片机的控制之下,利用红外传感器对家中的可能出现的情况进行数据采集,并及时向单片机进行中断报警。单片机驱动短信模块,利用GSM 网络将报警的信息发送到指定的手机上面,达到远程无线智能报警的功能。当主人回家的时候,通过一个开关键,关闭智能报警系统,开启智能照明系统,通过人体红外传感器模块进行数据采集,并把数据传送到单片机,又通过光耦,把单片机的信号传送到照明电路,使有人的情况下家里则处于亮灯状态,当没人的时候灯自动关闭。论文针对整个系统的结构、工作的原理、硬件的构成以及软件部分的设计等方面对整个系统进行了论述。

   论文对整个系统的原理图进行了详细的设计:同时完成了单片机控制照明及短信模块的软件的设计并且对程序进行了详细的阐述。在电路设计上面,充分考虑了系统的可移植性和稳定性,保证了整个系统的使用价值。

关键词: GSM短信模块 红外传感器 自动报警 智能照明

 

ABSTRACT:With the improvement of people's living standard and the he level of information development,people of their own safely, Residential security and the increasing demand of smart home by traditional physical security and manually change the direction of light to the smart home. Through the current commonly used automatic alarm and lighting systems comparative advantages and disadvantages, design a more stable, more mature GSM network to achieve remote home alarm system, has a broad market prospect. Current for home intelligent alarm and lighting systems have been more in-depth study, but are designed for ordinary sensors, GSM SMS module or software design or lighting circuits, there will be four were combined into one. The design of the four were combined into one, pay attention to the links between the four, design a complete GSM-based smart home alarm and lighting systems.

   The system is based TC35GSM SMS module to high-performance AT89S52 microcontroller as the core of intelligent alarm and lighting systems, the sensor is the use of human infrared sensor module, a fundamental guarantee for the stability of the whole system. SMS module in SCM under the control of the use of infrared sensors on the home situation that may arise for data acquisition, and promptly report to the microcontroller interrupt alarm. The microcontroller driven messaging module, the use of GSM network alarm information is sent to a designated cell phone to reach remote wireless intelligent alarm functions. When the owner came home, through a key to open, close the intelligent alarm system, open intelligent lighting system, through human infrared sensor module for data acquisition, and send data to the microcontroller, but also through the optocoupler, the microcontroller signals to the lighting circuit so that it was in the case of home lighting state, when no lights automatically turn off when people. Thesis for the entire system structure, working principle, hardware configuration and software parts of the design and other aspects of the whole system are discussed.

   Thesis of the whole system for a detailed schematic design: while the completion of SCM control lighting and SMS modules and software design of the program carried out in detail. In the circuit design of the above, give full consideration to the system's portability and stability, ensure that the entire system use value.

Keywords: GSM SMS module;infrared sensor;automatic;Intelligent lighting

 

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