浅析翁同龢与维新变法_历史学(师范).doc

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摘要:翁同龢是中国近代史上的重要人物,晚清许多重大的政治活动都与他有关。鉴于翁同龢在清廷的特殊性,他在中国近代晚清史研究中占有重要的地位。戊戌维新变法作为一场近代中国思想解放运动,翁同龢更是在其中扮演着重要的角色。在翁同龢和与维新变法方面,历来学者们对于他的变法思想、举荐康有为、在戊戌变法中的作用、开缺革职的原因等问题存在不同的看法。本文将在分析其变法思想产生原因的基础上,从上述几个方面进行具体阐述。翁同龢从支持洋务到赞成变法,体现了历史发展的趋势。同时,通过与维新派思想的比较,可以认识到翁的思想还存在着明显的不足之处。全面看待翁的变法思想,对于我们深入研究维新变法和晚清局势有着一定的积极意义。

关键词:翁同龢  维新变法  评述

 

Abstract: Weng Tonghe is an important figure in Chinese modern history, the late Qing Dynasty many major political events are associated with him. Given the special nature of the Imperial court, Weng Tonghe played an important role in modern Chinese studies in the Qing dynasty. As a liberation movement in modern Chinese thought, Weng Tonghe had an effect on the Reform Movement of 1898.In terms of Weng Tonghe and the Reform Movement of 1898,Scholars have always been different views on the issues such as his political reform ideas, the recommendation of Kang Youwei,his role in the Reform Movement and the reasons for dismissal. On the basis of analyzing the causes of his political reform ideas,this article will be specified from the above several aspects. From supporting Westernization to favor political reform, Weng's action reflect the trend of historical development. Besides, compared with reformists' ideas, it can recognize there are obvious shortcomings in Weng's  ideas. Comprehensive view of his political reform ideas,for our further study of the reform and the situation in the late Qing Dynasty, has certain positive significance.

Key words:Weng Tonghe,  the Reform Movement of 1898,  commentary

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