某地区黑水鸡非繁殖期行为生态研究.doc

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摘要:采用扫描取样与目标取样方法对南京方山生态公园湿地内野生黑水鸡Gallinula chloropus (Linnaeus)非繁殖期间的行为生态进行观察。了解黑水鸡的生活习性、栖息地环境和气候影响。野外观察表明黑水鸡在行为类型的时长分配中,觅食行为占68%,游泳行为占19%,修饰行为占9%,其他行为占4%。觅食行为是黑水鸡最主要的行为,秋季的觅食高峰在每天10:00—12:00,冬季的觅食高峰在11:00-13:00,春季觅食高峰往后推迟1个小时。黑水鸡非繁殖期的研究进一步补充有关黑水鸡行为生态的基础资料,为黑水鸡繁殖期提供理论依据,更加科学地保护这种生态指示鸟种。

关键词:黑水鸡 ;非繁殖期 ;行为生态 ;高峰

 

Abstract: Scanning sampling and objectives of nanjing sampling method of wetland ecological park within guide Gallinula chloropus (Linnaeus) the reproduction of the action during the ecological with observations. To study Gallinula chloropus living habits and habitat environment and the climate . Field observations show that Gallinula chloropus in behavior type of duration distribution, foraging behavior 68%, swimming behavior modification of 19%, other ACTS of 9%, behavior of 4%. Foraging behavior is the most main behavior of Gallinula chloropus, the autumn foraging peak in everyday 10:00-12:00, winter will peak at 11:00-13:00 grazing, spring foraging peak off an hour later.The breeding research further complement about Gallinula chloropus behavior based material, to provide theoretical basise for Gallinula chloropus , more scientific to protect the ecological instructions birds.

Key words: Gallinula chloropus (Linnaeus); Non-reproductive; Behavior ecology; High peak

 

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