女大学生就业困境现状研究-从社会性别视角.doc

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摘要:就业是个体价值实现的重要表现,也是关乎国家经济发展的重要环节。随着高校毕业生数量的年年攀升,女大学生的就业问题也变得日益突出。在教育上获取了平等的女大学生,却遭遇了在毕业后的不平等待遇。如何提高女大学生这一人力资源的有效配置,如何充分发挥好女大学生的社会效用,是一个关乎我国高等教育者发展前景的重大话题。笔者通过对女大学生就业困境的进一步研究,发现新的问题,寻求新的解决途径,以期缓解女大学生就业压力,促进其更好地发展。本文以社会性别理论为大视角,职业生涯规划为侧重点,从研究女大学生就业困境现状出发,探究原因并提出可行性施行方案,从而为解决女大学生就业难的问题提供富有实践性的理论参考。

关键词:女大学生; 就业困境; 社会性别; 职业生涯规划

 

Abstract: Employment is an important performance of the individual value realization, is about an important part of the national economic development. As university graduates quantity climbs year after year of female college students employment problems have become increasingly prominent. Gained the equality of the female college students in the education, are encountered the unfair treatment of after graduation. Female college students how to improve the efficient allocation of human resources, how to give full play to the social effects of female college students, is a matter of higher educators in China development prospect of the major topics. Through further study of female university students' employment difficulties, find new problems, seek new solutions, in order to alleviate the pressure of the female university students' employment, promote its development better. Under the perspective of social gender theory, this paper focusing on career planning, from research to the present conditions of female college students employment difficulties, to explore the reasons and put forward the feasibility of the scheme, to solve the problem of female college students employment difficult to provide rich practical theory reference.

Key words: Female college students, Employment difficulties, Gender, Career planning

 

  就业是个动态性的话题,市场的波动加上政府的调控,共同推动了就业模式的转变以及就业形势的变化。而高等教育的普及对于女大学生的初衷是:提升其自我价值,并推动女性在社会各个领域的参与,从而实现男女平等的现代化和谐社会。但,现实状况是,女大学生毕业数量的膨胀与有限岗位的冲突造成了就业困境。因此,对于女大学生就业困境的研究与分析,不仅具有学术价值,而且具有很强的实际效用。

  本文通过对最近几年女大学生就业问题的了解、分析,提出四个方面的可行性建议,为促进女大学生资源的合理分配与利用,缓解女大学生就业压力,提升女大学生规划意识,推动社会公平性发展做出理论性参考。

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