俗语中的中国女性文化透视--以歇后语、惯用语为研究对象.doc

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摘  要:歇后语和惯用语属于俗语的一部分,是流行于民间、为群众喜闻乐见的语言形式,也是经过人们的经验累积而最终形成的璀璨文化。与女性相关的歇后语和惯用语作为其重要的组成部分,不仅渗透着中华民族的传统文化心理,而且蕴含着别样的文化内涵。本文以歇后语和惯用语为研究对象,来展现我国女性文化的不同方面。它们与文化有着密切联系,描写了中国女性的美、职责、贞节等等,体现了中国女性的贤良淑德。对其女性负面形象的进一步分析,比较客观地审视了女性形象,有利于更清楚地了解女性文化。并且歇后语、惯用语的主要特征——“女卑”性贯穿于女性文化之中,从社会、政治、文化等多个角度分析,较为详尽地阐释了中国女性文化,有助于转变人们对女性的态度,从而更正确地认识女性群体。

关键词:歇后语 惯用语 女性 女性文化

 

ABSTRACT:As two-part allegorical sayings and locutions are parts of the folk adage, they are popular in the folk, the masses love to see and hear the language form, the languages are the culture and the accumulation of experience. The female allegorical sayings and locutions as its important component, they not only permeated with the Chinese traditional cultural psychology, but also contain especial culture. This text takes them as the research objects, to show the different aspects of female culture in China. They have a close relationship with culture, and they include the Chinese women's beauty, responsibility , chastity, and so on, to embody the Chinese women’s excellent virtue and ability. The in-depth analysis on the women's negative images, it can help to objectively examine the female images, and we can have a further understanding of female culture. What’s more, the main characteristic -- " Female humble" runs through the female culture, after we analyze the aspects of social, political, cultural and others, we can get more detailed explanations, more clear understandings of the Chinese female culture and more correct understandings of women.

Keywords: two-part allegorical sayings;locutions;femininity;the female culture

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