浅谈古筝演奏中的“轮指”.doc

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摘要:古筝,是我国历史悠久的弹拨乐器。最初称为“筝”,其早在2000多年前就已经盛行于秦国,故又被人们称为“秦筝”。随着历史文化的源远流长,因其古老典朴的特点,被人们冠以“古筝”的名字。随着时间的推进,古筝的演奏指法与其技巧在不断的改进和完善,现代古筝的发展也呈现百花齐放的态势,各有特色。在古筝迅速发展的今天,古筝的技巧在日臻成熟的同时,古筝的新技法也在不断涌现中。同时,随着时代的进步,演奏风格日益变化,演奏技巧日渐成熟和作曲家的风格日趋完善。古筝演奏中的新技法—“轮指”也逐渐成熟,轮指技巧,正在成为古筝学习不可或缺的技巧。同时,近些年来很多专家、学者都对于轮指技巧的合理运用,轮指技巧未来的发展,和轮指技巧的不足,进行了更深刻的诠释和改良。

关键词:古筝 轮指 类别 演奏技法 发展  改良 当代古筝音乐

 

Abstract:Zither,with a long history of being a traditional Chinese plucked string instrument,Initially known as the "Zheng".2000 years ago, it had been popular in the state of Qin, so it was also called "Qin Zheng." Later, fot the long history and cultural meaning ,people named this classic instrument as "zheng" . Time flying quickly, the skills of playing zither are also constantly changed and improved , and also the development of Guzheng is also very specific. With Guzheng increasing quickly, the skills are also very different from usual and being more and more perfect. Meanwhile, with the developing of the times, playing style is also growing, the playing skills and the styles of Guzheng are also coming into different ways.The new techniques - "rotating fingering"is matured, and is becoming an essential skill to learn Zheng. Meanwhile, in recent years many experts, scholars refer to techniques for the well use of this skill, looking up to the future development of skill and the lack of the skill and give an more impressive explain and development to this new skill.

Keywords: Guzheng  Rotating fingering  Category   Playing techniques         Development and improvement  Contemporary Guzheng music

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