论钢琴演奏的听觉联想_音乐学.doc

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摘要:音乐是一门听觉艺术,需要通过听觉器官来感受、鉴别和欣赏。钢琴是一件具有丰富色彩的乐器,音域宽广、音色清亮、柔美、浑厚、和多重性的音量,其发声原理是手指对琴键的作用力,钢琴的音乐形象是通过声音来传达的。所以听觉在联想是在钢琴演奏过程中非常重要的环节,它直接关系到演奏者对音乐形象的刻画和理解。演奏者通过听觉来对弹奏技巧的处理和音响效果进行改进。对于钢琴演奏者来说,最基础的问题就是声音的处理。什么样的声音好听?什么样的触键发出的声音自然?什么样的弹奏才能更好的表现出自己内心对音乐的理解?至于以上几点,除了对技巧的要求,更重要的就是需要用自己的听觉来鉴别。听觉包括外部听觉和内部听觉,在钢琴的演奏中重点是内心的听觉,只有心中存在一个明确的声音意向,通过外部听觉与内部听觉的统一,才能将心中所想透过手指传递给听众,使听者感受真正的音乐。因此,听觉联想在钢琴的演奏中占有重要的地位,是不可忽视的一个方面。

关键词  听觉,钢琴演奏,音乐联想,感受

 

ABSTRACT:Music is an auditory art, need through the auditory organs, to feel, to identify and appreciate. The piano is a musical instrument with rich colors, a wide range, sonorous, mellow, vigorous, and the multiplicity of the volume, the sounding principle is finger force on the keys of a piano, piano music image is to communicate by voice. So the hearing in the association is in the piano very important link in the process, it is directly related to the performance characterization and understanding of music image. The performer's hearing to playing skills to deal with and sound effects are improved. For Piano performers, the most basic question is sound. What kind of music? Touch keys, what kind of sound natural? What kind of play better in order to show their inner understanding of music? As for the above points, in addition to the skill requirements, more important is the need to use their sense of hearing to identify. Auditory including hearing and internal auditory external, in play piano key is the heart of the hearing, only the hearts of the existence of a clear voice intention, through a unified external auditory and internal auditory, will want to transfer to the audience through the fingers, make the listener feel real music. Therefore, auditory association plays an important role in piano playing, is one aspect can not be ignored.

Key Words: Auditory, Piano, Music Association, Feeling

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