王朔研究三十年.doc

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[摘要] 在当今文坛,尤其是20世纪80年代末至90年代初这一阶段,“王朔”是不应也无法回避的一个非常重要的文化符号。王朔一方面以其独树一帜的作品在文坛、影坛占据一席之地,另一方面更是通过他的作品和行为、言论,提供了特立独行的文学风格、人生哲学和生活态度,构成了名副其实的文化现象。王朔其人之个性,其文之特别,引发了广泛而持久的论争,文艺界对王朔的研究观点纷杂、派别众多,本文主要从“王朔现象”、王朔小说的“顽主”形象、王朔作品的艺术形式以及王朔的随笔文章和批评文字四个方面的研究成果进行陈述和评价。

[关键词] 王朔现象; “顽主”形象; 艺术形式; 观念

 

[Abstract]  In today's literary world, especially in the late 1980s to the early 1990s, "Wang Shuo" is a very important cultural symbols which should not and cannot be avoided. On one hand, Wang Shuo create a niche in the world of literary and the movie circle with its unique works, on the other hand, he provided a maverick literary style, life philosophy and attitude towards life through his works, behavior and speech, which constitutes a veritable culture phenomenon. His special personality and literary style lead to a widespread and long-lasting discussion, meanwhile, the perspectives of the researches on him in the literary and art circles are complicated with many different schools. In this text, I will give the presentation and evaluation about the achievements of the researches which include the four aspects, the "Phenomenon of Wang Shuo", the "Wanzhu" image Wang Shuo's novel, the artistic form Wang Shuo’s works and the random wrote and critical essays of him.

[Key words]  Phenomenon of Wang Shuo; Wanzhu image; Artistic form; Concept

 

  围绕王朔的争论已经持续了十几年,先后参与“王朔之争”的学者、作家不下百人,其中著名人士就有王蒙等数十位。学者们为什么这么热衷于谈论王朔? 在笔者看来,这不仅仅是因为王朔的作品非常特别、影响力特别大,更重要的是因为围绕王朔展开的实际上是一场文化观之争。学者们所争论的可能并不是王朔本身,而是我们应当如何评价中国当代文学、如何理解中国文化的走向,学者们在讨论王朔中展开了不同文化观念的碰撞。纵观以几个方面对王朔的研究,可以发现,王朔研究取得了不错的成绩,多能以小见大,透过现象看本质,通过王朔的文本透视当代文坛和社会问题,但也存在不少问题。

 

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