论老舍批判现实主义的写作特色.doc

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摘要:老舍在中国文学史上,是以令人耳目一新的长篇小说创作登上中国文坛的。他的独特地位和价值在于他对文化批判和民族性问题的关注。文化批判是老舍小说创作一直坚持的一个母题,老舍的这一独特个性,是他同时代的作家难以比拟和无法替代的,也是我们真正感知他作品的艺术魅力,认识他作品价值的重要切入点。本文试从他的作品出发,对其作品中的现实批判主义进行透视分析,以期能对他的作品有更深透的解读,对其艺术价值和历史地位有更深刻的认识。

【关键词】老舍 国民意识 小说创作 批判现实

 

Abstract:Lao She is a unique writer of modern Chinese literary history,his novels,essays,plays, folk arts have a lot of Famous masterpiece,while the highest achievement of the novel,the greatest impact. Lao She's unique position in the history of modern Chinese literature and value lies in his cultural criticism and nationality issues to pay special attention to his works under the transformation of Chinese culture,especially popular culture,calm look,ranging from criticism,but also attachment. From the creation of Lao She's novel,we can see a like will implement continued the theme,that is,reflection and criticism of the traditional culture of China. The criticism here has two meanings:on the one hand,it is existing in particular has been the decline of the cultural phenomenon of dissatisfaction and negative;the other hand, it is to produce valuable new things (new art world) the way to find. Cultural criticism is Lao She's novel writing has always insisted on a motif,the article attempts to analyze the writing of critical realism in Lao She's novel features,seek the independent value of Lao She's self-reliance in modern literature.

【Keywords】 Lao She national awareness novels critical realism

 

  老舍是在东西方文化与文学的滋养中成长起来的,他在继承了东西方的文化与文学的价值传统的同时,形成了自己独特的创作风格。老舍在其小说创作中,对中西两种文化进行了辩证的认识:一方面,他站在世界先进文化的高度,对传统文化中的消极因素进行了批判和反思,但是又在现代化进程中,对传统文化的失落怀着一种复杂的思想感情;另一方面,他又对西方文化进行冷静的审视,看到西方文化的弊端,并对之进行无情的批判,从而确立了老舍独特的东西方文化优劣互补的价值立场。

 

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