谢灵运山水诗与陶渊明田园诗的审美异趣.doc

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摘要 山水与田园诗在题材上差别很大,在审美趣味方面也存在极鲜明的差异,在意象的选取、意境的营造、意蕴的生成方面,都会有所不同,但又会有内在联系与相通之处。题材上,山

水诗主“奇”,而田园诗主“静”;在审美趣味方面,山水诗注重山水的秀奇变化,而田园诗将其田园之静与平淡无奇的审美本质相统一;在意象、意境、意蕴方面,不同的诗人对这三点有不同的诠释,如陶渊明,他在描写田园美好风光时透过朴素平淡的意象展现意境、渗透意蕴。而谢灵运与之相比,描写山水诗更显富艳雕琢,他更为注重模山范水。王维则将山水和田园诗两大流派相合并,将山水田园诗创作的“诗中有画,画中有诗”。陶渊明、谢灵运、王维是中国古代文学史上著名的三位山水田园诗人,并且在各自的创作中都绽放夺目的色彩。本文从山水与田园早期题材与审美趣味的差异,从意象、意境、意蕴方面,阐述山水与田园诗的创作特点,以期用进行比较。

关键词 山水; 田园; 审美; 谢灵运; 王维; 陶渊明 

 

Abstract  Landscape idyllic poems have huge differences in subject matter, aslo in Aesthetic essence, Imagery of the selection, Artistic conceptions and Meaning generation. but there will be  intrinsic relation and similarities. Scenic poem and pastoral poetry are based on different theme, the former focus on 'peculiar' as the the latter focus on 'quiet'; In the aesthetic interest, landscape poems pay more attention to the delicate changes, pastoral poetry combines the static pastoral with the black and white aesthetic essence together; In the image meaning & artistic conception, different poet also annotating differently. Tao Yuan Ming for example, he described beautiful rural scenery through simple insipid image to show artistic conception & penetrate Implications. compared to Tao Yuan Ming, Xie Ling Yun 'description of the landscape poetry image shows more rich and colorful carve, but withered in the artistic conception and meaning. but Wang Wei combined two genre of Landscape and idyllic poems," In the picture, a picture with poems in", with image full of vigor, scene blending, and contains deep meaning. Tao Yuan Ming 、Xie Ling Yun、Wang Wei are the most famous three landscape rural poets, all of them made great achievement in each of their creation. This article focus on the differences between First the theme and aesthetic interest of the Landscape and rural, expounding the Creation characteristic of landscape and pastoral poems by Image artistic conception and other sides to compare these three poetic style

Key words  landscape ,  rural,  esthetic,  Xie Ling Yun ,  Wang Wei ,  Tao Yuan Ming

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