浅析《白鹿原》中黑娃的悲剧形象.doc

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【摘要】:第四届茅盾文学奖得主《白鹿原》,是上世纪九十年代中国长篇小说创作的重要收获之一,是能够反映那一时期小说艺术所达到的最高水平,李建军将其冠以“一部令人震撼的民族史”的称号,而这部小说的成功很大程度上得益于作者精心刻画的一批栩栩如生的人物形象,比如白嘉轩、鹿子霖、朱先生、白孝文等。黑娃也是作者着重刻画的人物之一,他是《白鹿原》中一个不可或缺的、贯彻始终的人物,因其性格的矛盾性而颇受争议,他的一生经历了大起大落,集国、共、匪、儒与一身,却始终没有找到自己的位置,而以悲剧落幕。他对儒家传统文化由叛逆到回归,对命运由反抗到屈服,是什么促使了他的回归?又是什么造成了他回归后的悲剧?这些都将引起我们进一步的思考。

【关键词】:黑娃; 叛逆; 儒家传统文化; 回归

 

[Abstract] The fourth Mao Dun literature prize winner" Bailuyuan" ,is one of the important harvest in Chinese novels creation during the 1990s and is able to reflect the novels’ highest lever in that period. LiJianjun said that:It is an impressive national history. Bailuyuan succeed benefit from depiction of character.Such as BaiJiaxuan,LuZilin,MrZhu,BaiXiaowen.Heiwa is one of them.He is a consistent figure in the Bailu Plain ,rather controversial because of his character of contradiction, his life changes radically,set The Kuomintang,The Communist Party,bandit and Confucianism with a body,but did not find a position,and to tragic ends.His Confucian traditional culture by the rebellion to regression,his fate by resistance to yield.What led to his return? What caused his tragedy after his regression ? These will cause us to think further.

[Key words] Heiwa;  rebellion;  Traditional Confucian culture;  regression

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