浅论巴金《家》对《红楼梦》的继承与发展.doc

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[摘要] 巴金是二十世纪文坛中的一位具有重要影响的大师。《家》是巴金小说中影响最为深远的一部,也是现代文学史上成就卓越的力作之一。《家》以作者巴金青少年时期的亲身经历为基本素材,带有自传性质。曹雪芹的《红楼梦》是中国古典小说的代表,它内容丰富多彩,思想博大精深,其艺术成就卓越,影响了后来的许多作家,巴金则是其中成绩突出的一位。《家》与《红楼梦》作为中国现代文学史与中国古代文学史上描写家族生活的最具影响力的作品,两者在写法上有相似之处,并且《家》还体现了一定的时代性。本文拟从两部作品的题材、主线、形象体系、女性命运、男性人物的塑造等方面作为切入点,论述《家》对《红楼梦》的继承与发展,以促进巴金《家》研究的深入开展。

[关键词]  巴金; 继承; 时代性; 发展; 《家》; 《红楼梦》

 

[Abstract] Ba Jin is an influential literature master in the 20th century. “The Family” is one of his works that has far-reaching influence in Ba jin's novels , it is one of the distinguished masterpiece in the history of modern literature. “The Family” used Ba jin’s childhood experience as writing material, with autobiographical color. Cao xueqin's “A Dream of Red Mansions” is the representative of the Chinese classical novel, rich in content and colorful, thought the broad and profound, the artistic achievement of excellence, influenced many later writers, among them Ba jin is one of the outstanding achievements. “The Family” and “A Dream of red mansions” as the Chinese modern literary history and the history of ancient Chinese literature describing the family life, both are the most influential literary works, and there are some similarities in the method of writing. Moreover, “The Family” reflects some features of the times. This article from the two literary works, from their theme, main line, image of the system, the fate of women, male characters, etc as a starting point, to discusses on how Ba Jin's “The Family” inherited and developed “A Dream of Red Mansions” , in order to promote Ba jin’s “ The Family ” in the deepening of the research.

[Key words] Ba jin; Inheritance; The Times; Development; “The Family”; “A dream of red mansions”

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