职业适应能力的结构模型.doc

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摘要:职业适应能力,是个体能够顺应职业环境的变化,解决职业发展中的现实问题所需具备的一系列特殊能力,包括组织融合能力、工作沟通能力、学习发展能力、情绪调节能力和职业转化能力五个方面,它是衡量一个人职业发展状况最重要的心理学参数。在经济结构转型困难、职业选择机会有限而竞争激烈的条件下,个体的职业适应能力如何,不但关乎个人与家庭幸福,也关乎企业发展。鉴于目前学界对职业适应能力的构念并不适合中国企业员工,而且相关研究成果较少,因此,本研究采用质性研究方法,通过对68名员工的结构式访谈和开放式问卷调查,采用内容分析方法,围绕着”企业员工职业发展中面临的主要问题”,以及“解决这些问题需要哪些能力”两个问题,对研究对象的原始陈述编码整理成类目,然后再抽象概括成主题,最后得出职业适应能力的五维度构念结构,进而编制出企业员工职业适应能力的本土化测量工具,并对量表的建构效度进行了检验。

关键词:职业适应能力;职业生涯;职业适应能力的结构模型

 

Abstract:Professional adaptabilities are the theries of specific abilities of a employee to solve the main practical problems derived from the process of the career development, namely, the ability of integrating into corporate, the ability of communicating with job-related persons, the ability of learning for professional advances, the ability of regulating one’s emotions, and the ability of transforming one’s careers.The professional adaptabilities are the very important psychological Indices which reflect one’s career development situations under the conditions of hard times and fierce competitions.In view of the popular used concept of career adaptabilities , are inappropriate for employees from Chinese enterprises, and the research in the field, is rather weak and unsystematic. this thesis,68 participants were recruited in a structured interview or an open questionnaire survey, to answer the following two questions, “what are the main problems faced in the employee’ career development?”, and “what abilities do they need to solve these problems?” All the original statements of the participants were coded into categories, and then all the categories were abstracted and generalized into the themes, finally it is constructed into five dimensions of professional adaptabilities, then develop a measuring instrument of professional adaptabilities and construct validity of the scale were successively tested.

Keywords: professional abilities, career development, structure model of  professional abilities

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