秦观与豪放派_汉语言文学.doc

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摘要:在中国古代灿烂的文学史上,秦观是以一个杰出的词人出现在北宋词坛上的,后人把他和稍晚的李清照并誉为“婉约之宗”。身为“苏门四学士”之一,早期的他由于受苏轼影响也有不少豪放之作,但由于他自身敏感多情的性格、当权者的腐朽以及和苏轼特殊的关系等主客观因素,他身不由己地卷入了党争之中,身心受到了很大的打击,逐渐从一个慷慨豪隽的才子沦为忧郁百结的谪官,终就没能继承苏轼所开创的豪放派词风,反而更多地接受了柳永的影响,创作了不少忧伤哀怨、缠绵悱恻的婉约词。但由于受苏轼崇雅主张的影响极深,秦观在继承柳永词风的同时,又自觉地改造了柳永婉约词中“浅俗”的一面。使他后期的词风向含蓄深婉、情韵兼胜转变,在婉约词上取得了超越前人的成就。

关键词:秦观;词;豪放派

 

Abstract: In the bright literature history of Chinese ancient times, Qin Guan was appeared as an outstanding excellent poet in the northern Song verse world, the posterity called him and who was slightly late Li Qing Zhao as “the implicit ancestor”. As one of is “Sumen four bachelors” he write many bold works influenced by sushi at his early period but because of his own sensibility and susceptibility, the ruler's decadence and the special relationship with sushi, which made him to involve in the political parties strife. His body and mind suffered a great attack. Gradually talent, At last, he couldn't be able to inherit the bold faction world style which was started by sushi. Instead, he was mainly influenced by Liu Yong. As a result, he created many sadly plaintive and lingering worlds. But he was affected deeply by sushi's lofty elegant. Gradually, he degenerated into the melancholy from a person to exile the official gifted scholar of outstanding generous talent. At last, he couldn't be able to inherit the bold faction word style which was started by Su Shi . Instead, he was influenced more by Liu Yong. As a result, he created much sadly plaintive and sentimental composed word. But he was advocated elegantly Su Shi chong the influence is extremely deep, Qin Guan inherited Liu Yong's style, while also on own initiative transformed Liu Yong the composed word “shallow vulgar” one side, which enable his later period of word style direction to contain deeply graceful, the interest concurrently victory transformation, and the composed word had surmounted predecessor's achievement.

Key words: Qin Guan; word; bold faction

 

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