大学生完美主义、自我同一性与生涯未决的关系研究_心理学.doc

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摘要:生涯未决是职业心理学在理论与实践中特别关注的一个方面,也是生涯决策研究的一个重要问题。生涯未决是指个体未能对希望从事的生涯做出决定,生涯未决的原因是存在职业决策困难。大学生群体的职业决策困难是越来越受到社会的关注。

   本文从大学生职业决策困难的角度出发,采用随机问卷调查法,选取xx大学和xx理工大学的大学生200人发放问卷,回收有效问卷192份。目的在于探究大学生完美主义、自我同一性和生涯未决之间的关系。

   通过研究,得出如下结论:

   (1)大学生的职业决策困难处于中等水平,即大学生在做职业决策时,有中等程度的决策困难。

   (2)消极完美主义的四个维度担心错误、父母期望、个人标准与行动的疑虑与职业决策困难呈现了很显著的正相关。

   (3)自我同一性的达成维度与职业决策困难呈负相关。而延缓维度、混乱维度和早闭维度与职业决策困难各维度间均呈现极其显著的正相关。

   (4)完美主义与自我同一性相关关系复杂。

关键词:完美主义  自我同一性  生涯未决

 

Abstract:Career indecision is an important aspect of vocational psychology in the theory and practice, and is also an important problem in Career decisions research. Career indecision is that individual hope to make the career decision but failed, the cause of the indecision is career decision-making difficulties. The university student group of career decision-making difficulties is more and more cared by the society. 

   Started from the angle of career indecision of college students, this research used the random questioning investigation, selected 200 university students in Nanjing normal University and Nanjing University of Science And Technology, and received 192 effective questionnaires. The goal of the research lies in the relationship of perfectionism, ego identity and career indecision.

   Through the research, we draw the following conclusions:

   1. College students’ career decision making difficulties are in medium level. That is, college students doing career decision-making, having a moderate decision-making difficulties. 

   2. Negative perfectionism four dimensions, such as concern over mistakes, parental expectations, personal standards and doubts for action with career decision-making difficulties presented very significant positive correlation. 

   3. The ego identity Achievement dimension and career decision making difficulties make a negative correlation. Moratorium, Foreclosure and Diffusion with career decision making difficulties make an extremely significant positive correlation.

   4. Perfectionism and ego identity make a complex correlation. 

Key words: perfectionism, ego identity, career indecision

 

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